Veterans Employment Opportunities Act (VEOA)


The Veterans Employment Opportunities Act (VEOA) gives preference eligibles and certain eligible Veterans access to jobs that otherwise only would have been available to status candidates. The VEOA allows you to consider preference eligibles and eligible Veterans under merit promotion procedures without using competitive examination procedures. The selected VEOA candidate will be given a career or career-conditional appointment.

To be eligible for a VEOA appointment the honorably discharged Veteran, who is not a preference eligible, must have substantially completed at least three years of continuous active military service. VEOA is a competitive service appointing authority that can only be used when filling permanent positions. It cannot be used to fill temporary, term, or excepted service positions.

In VEOA appointments, preference eligibles and Veterans are not accorded preference as a factor, but they are allowed to compete for job opportunities that are open to status candidates from outside the agency’s own workforce. In other words, VEOA gives the Veteran access to jobs without going through the traditional competitive examining process. VEOA candidates will be ranked and referred under merit promotion procedures along with all other status candidates but do not receive Veterans’ preference as in competitive examining.

What you’ll find

  • Who is eligible to be hired under the VEOA
  • Acceptable documentation of your preference or appointment eligibility
  • Other federal employment resources, events and information for veterans


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