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Video: Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act

What It Is

Why is Section 106 compliance important? Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act ensures that Federal agencies consider how their actions could impact cultural resources.

Section 106 requires the Federal government consult with State and Tribal Preservation Offices and the public about potential effects to historic and cultural resources. The Federal government must identify historic assets and assess and resolve adverse effects with the intention of protecting invaluable and precious historic and cultural resources.

Why It Matters

In this short, four minute video you’ll learn about the demolition of New York City’s iconic Pennsylvania Station. Once one of the most spectacular buildings in the country, it now rests in a New Jersey landfill. The loss of Penn Station helped spark the historic preservation movement, as well as the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966.

“We will probably be judged not by the monuments we build but by those we have destroyed.”

-Ada Louise Huxtable, Architecture Critic for the New York Times, October 30, 1963

Reflection

How did this video increase your understanding of Section 106 and the National Historic Preservation Act and the importance of protecting historic resources?

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  1. How did this video increase your understanding of Section 106 and the National Historic Preservation Act and the importance of protecting historic resources?
    This building was obliterated and erased from history before I was born so I was completely surprised and saddened to see such a beautiful American building now destroyed and placed in a garbage dump/landfill. The visuals in this video as well as the narrative illustrated the point that it isn’t just the “Big” structures that need to be preserved. The quotes were also particularly moving to me.

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  2. I was not aware that the demolition of Pennsylvania Rail Station and the New York Landmarks Preservation law led to the establishment of the National Historic Preservation Act. I understand that in the name of progress buildings were destroyed to allow modern structures, but what a significant loss!

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