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Oil and Chemical Spill Response Resources

Oil and chemical spills can damage natural, cultural, and archaeological resources. If you encounter a spill, knowing how to promptly notify the right people will trigger appropriate response and cleanup activities and minimize threats to public safety and resource injuries.

The Spill Identification and Notification learning activity provides an introduction to spill response. It takes about an hour and enables you to:

  • Identify types of oil and chemical spills and be familiar with their characteristics;
  • Explain how spills threaten public safety, and ensure visitors and staff are protected;
  • Recognize when spills require state or federal notification;
  • Distinguish between required notification and when notifications may bring additional assistance;
  • Locate and use your park’s emergency response plan; and
  • Articulate “Cost Recovery” and which NPS personnel should be contacted, so that cost recovery is not negatively affected.

Additional Resources

Training and Webinars

  • Inland Oil Spill Response for DOI (National Conservation Training Center (NCTC) – Only accessible to NPS employees logged in with their PIV card)
    A 36-hour course targeted to Department of Interior personnel whose responsibilities include overseeing, planning, or participating in an inland spill response.
  • Inland Oil Spill for DOI Response Webinar Series (NCTC)
    These 1-hour webinars highlight pertinent lectures from the Inland Oil Spill Response for DOI class and other topic areas of interest to the DOI spill response community. They count towards HAZWOPER annual refresher training. You can register for upcoming sessions and view recordings of past webinars.
  • Inland Oil Spill Response for Cultural Resource Professionals (National Park Service – Only accessible to NPS employees logged in with their PIV card)
    This three-day workshop brings together members from throughout the local/regional cultural resource management (CRM) and spill response communities. Participants acquire the skills to serve as Historic Properties Specialists (HPS) under the 1997 Programmatic Agreement on Protection of Historic Properties During Emergency Response Under the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (97 PA). The HPS advises the Federal On-Scene Coordinator (FOSC) and helps ensure historic properties are adequately considered for protection during a spill response.
  • Natural Resource Damage Assessment & Restoration (NCTC – Only accessible to NPS employees logged in with their PIV card)
    This is a basic level, 36-hour course for personnel whose responsibilities include evaluating and participating in Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration (NRDAR). It covers the NRDAR processes for both the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Oil Pollution Act (OPA).
  • OSHA Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) Training
    This specialized safety training is required for all employees who participate in spill response activities. There are multiple levels of certification and the training can be provided by government agencies or private sector training companies.

NPS Resources

* DO 14 was issued in 2004 and the Damage Assessment and Restoration Handbook has not been updated since 2003. Contact the Resource Protection Branch for up-to-date guidance and support.

Legal Authorities

  • 29 CFR 1910.120 – OSHA Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
  • 40 CFR Part 117 – Determination of Reportable Quantities for Hazardous Substances (under the Clean Water Act)
  • 40 CFR Part 302 – Designation, Reportable Quantities, and Notification (under CERCLA)

Other Resources

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