Federal Government Appointment Types


There are different appointment types within the Federal government.  The type of appointment dictates the permanence of the job and the types of benefits that you will receive.  Below you’ll find a break-down for what the different types of appointment are so you can better determine the right fit for you.

  • Permanent – Career – Conditional Appointment: Permanent employees are generally hired under a career-conditional appointment. After completing a one year probationary period and three years of continuous service, they will attain a Career Appointment.
  • Permanent – Career Appointment: An appointee must complete a one year probationary period and a total of three years continuous creditable service to attain a career appointment.
  • Temporary Appointment – Time limited to less than one year: Temporary appointments are defined as appointments expected to last for a specified period not to exceed 1 year. This type of appointment is not a permanent one, so it does not give the employee competitive or permanent status. Note that these positions may not be refilled year after year, because that type of work demand requires a permanent or a career seasonal position.
    • Temporary Less Than 1040 Hours Appointment (“Seasonals”) Due to the seasonal demands parks encounter, the National Park Service often uses this special exception to the Temporary Appointment Authority that allows a position to be refilled year after year with an employee that works fewer than 1040 hours in a 12-month period.
  • Term Appointment – Time limited to more than one year but less than four years. Similar to temporary appointments, this type of appointment is not a permanent one, so it does not give the employee competitive/permanent status.

Additional Information

For more information about types of appointment and competitive hiring authorities in general, please visit the Office of Personnel Management’s website.

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